Anti-Sense Gene Regulation - See More Features

Analyze microRNA Gene Regulation with Small RNA-Seq


Explore miRNA expression visually and interactively with deep interpretation

Seamlessly sift and sort through differentially expressed miRNA. Investigate predicted and validated gene targets as well as related diseases and drugs.

Display miRNA secondary structure

Interactive plots

Details for each miRNA

Explore miRNA expression visually and interactively with deep interpretation

Seamlessly sift and sort through differentially expressed miRNA. Investigate predicted and validated genes target as well as related diseases and drugs.

Select one of the miRNA regulation knowledge base.

Visualize the related genes, diseases or drugs sorted by significance

Dive into miRNA predicted and validated gene targets

Navigate the most comprehensive combination of knowledge base for anti-sense gene regulation.

Explore the miRNA associated to each potentially affected genes.

Red and blue colors bars represent the proportion and direction of regulation of the miRNA involved

Dive into miRNA predicted and validated genes targets

Navigate the most comprehensive combination of knowledge base for anti-sense gene regulation.

Access details information for all relationships described.

Direct link to publication associated

Dive into miRNA related diseases and drugs

Navigate the most comprehensive combination of knowledge bases for anti-sense gene regulation

Explore the diseases linked to the differentially expressed miRNA

Access directly the publication associated

Download publication-ready figures with clear explanations for every Scientist.

Every plot and figure is rendered for high-quality and downloadable in multiple formats.

Choose format and download (PNG, SVG and CSV)

Expand current plot to full-size and hide the explanation

Links to industry resources for additional explanation

Focus on genes of interest using Gene Lists and Signatures to rapidly assess every experiment.

Create, collaborate and update gene lists so that you can discover and focus on the most important signatures across oceans of data. Each plot dynamically updates when a new list is selected.

Select or Create New Gene List

Heatmap and Volcano Plot display only the genes from the selected list that pass the current fold change and pValue filter

The informational blue bar indicates how many genes from the selected list are not present in the current filter

Create new lists from selected genes

Add genes and entire pathways to the current list

All plots dynamically update in real-time to showcase changes made

Navigate the most significant pathways and enriched terms with a simple click.

ROSALIND Knowledge Bases provide interpretation based on the gene enrichment for each filter you create. Navigate the details of every term including Pathways, Gene Ontology, Proteins and many others.

Visually explore your results across any pathway or term with one click

Tooltips provide extended information for every gene and sample

Learn more from NCBI on each gene with the bottom bar magnifier

Dive even deeper into pathway interpretation by clicking the knowledge base magnifer

Dive deeper into the pathways and the networks that connect them

Pathways are shown and sorted by significance. Review the number of genes in each term, including totals for up and down-regulated genes.

Click on a term to display genes within the current fold change and pVal filter

Click on a gene to display all significant pathways

Sort genes by fold change, alphabetical or pValue significance

Toggle the gene list area into more interactive plots

Interactive Analysis
Knowledge Bases
Predicted Genes
Validate Genes
Create Filters
Share Results
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How to Analyze Small RNA with ROSALIND

Empowering miRNA Data Analysis & Interpretation


Small RNA sequencing (SmallRNA-Seq) is a type of RNA sequencing based on the use of NGS technologies to characterize small noncoding RNA molecules. Small RNA-Seq is commonly used to evaluate and discover new forms of small RNA and to predict their possible functions. By using this technique, it is possible to discriminate small RNAs from the larger RNA family to better understand their functions in the cell and in gene expression. Small RNA-Seq can analyze thousands of small RNA molecules with a high throughput and specificity.

Small RNAs are noncoding RNA molecules between 20 and 200 nucleotide in length that include several different classes of noncoding RNAs, depending on their sizes and functions: miRNA, snRNA, snoRNA, scRNA, piRNA, and siRNA. Their functions range from RNAi, RNA processing and modification, gene silencing, epigenetics modifications, protein stability and transport.

The miRNA is the most commonly analyzed class of small RNA and their RNAi functions are often studied by scientists working in Oncology, Immunology, Regenerative Medicine, Drug Discovery, and other areas of research in order to understand their impact on gene regulation. For this reason, ROSALIND offers basic analysis pipelines for all smallRNAs and expanded options for analysis and interpretation of miRNAs.


ROSALIND is a cloud platform that connects researchers to experiment design to quality control, differential expression and pathway exploration in a real-time collaborative environment.

Scientists of every skill level benefit from ROSALIND since no programming or bioinformatics are required. By accepting raw FASTQ sequence data as well as processed counts data, ROSALIND enables powerful downstream analysis and truly insightful visualizations on gene expression datasets. Receive same-day results with every experiment in an interactive experience designed for ease of use and saving valuable time.


  • Analyze miRNA-seq data from FASTQ files
  • Record experiment design and custom attributes
  • Import NCBI Short Read Archive Public Data
  • Capture metadata with NCBI BioSample attributes
  • Perform covariate & batch corrections with differential comparisons
  • Setup comparisons using biological attributes
  • Create gene filters to adjust cut-off parameters
  • Download publication-ready figures and plots
  • Explore pathway, disease & drug knowledge bases
  • Real-time collaboration & results sharing
  • Multi-omic analyses across experiment & assay types

“ROSALIND is extremely easy to use and share results with other colleagues. Our scientists are able lookup results instantly without consulting our bioinformaticians.”


Long Do
Sr. Manager, Informatics at Samumed LLC


ROSALIND simplifies data analysis and works like a data hub interconnecting every stage of data interpretation. The ROSALIND small RNA Expression discovery experience enables visual exploration and self-investigation of experiment results to give researchers the freedom to adjust cut-offs, add comparisons, apply covariate corrections, and even find patterns across multiple datasets, without the need for bioinformatic expertise. There are five easy steps to performing RNA-seq data analysis on ROSALIND.


Starting a small RNA-seq data analysis begins with creating a new experiment and capturing the experiment design. ROSALIND walks through the key aspects of an experiment in a guided experience to record biological objectives, sample attributes and analysis parameters. These details become the basis of the experiment discovery dashboard. Researchers who publish papers and work with NCBI public data know the importance of natively supporting NCBI data models. ROSALIND fully supports the NCBI BioProject and BioSample models for metadata assignment and sample attribute descriptions. ROSALIND also enables scientists to create custom attributes to describe biological behaviors in terms relevant to the experiment. The setup of comparisons is simplified by describing and annotating samples using these familiar terms. This methodology minimizes the risk of differential accessibility errors when selecting samples for comparison.

For small RNA-seq data analysis, ROSALIND provides scientists with a choice: a) Begin with raw FASTQ files produced by high throughput sequencing, or b) Use processed data files generated by another analysis pipeline. Processed data is imported as normalized or raw counts. This provides flexibility for scientists to utilize the ROSALIND discovery experience to visualize and interpret data regardless of the data source. When analyzing raw FASTQ files, ROSALIND streamlines data analysis using an advanced pipeline for analysis that includes intelligent quality control with automatic contamination detection, identification of differentially expressed miRNA as well as predicted and validated miRNA targets, drugs and disease associated. Visit the technical specifications section to learn more about the ROSALIND small RNA-seq data analysis pipeline and available reference materials.

For proper smallRNA-seq results, an analysis pipeline must adjust for sample preparation and proprietary differences in library preparation kits used in the experiment. Not only is the kit selection important for targeting and capturing the desired miRNA differential expression, but the analysis pipeline also adjusts and optimizes for the kit’s unique characteristics, such as strandedness, strand direction, any unique molecular identifiers (UMIs) or trimming requirement as well as the adapters used. ROSALIND integrates and supports a broad library of sample and library preparation kits, automatically calibrating each analysis with the appropriate details. To learn more about supported kits, visit the technical specifications section. Featured kits and instrument partners are also listed below.



Researchers must be confident in the quality control phase before gathering insights from a smallRNA-seq experiment, otherwise, the results of the analysis should not be trusted. Biology’s mysteries are elusive and complex. Time should not be lost chasing corrective measures for outliers, contamination, swapped samples and the many other errors that can occur in the course of a well-designed experiment.

Some of the most important Quality Control metrics to verify are Q30 scores, % of bases trimmed, length before and after trimming, sample correlation, smallRNA classed distribution and multidimensional scaling (MDS) or principal component analysis (PCA) for all samples.

ROSALIND Quality Control Intelligence identifies potential data quality issues and triages the data before presenting the results. This eliminates the need for researchers to be experts in Sequencing quality control issues. Learn how researchers gain confidence in their results through Quality Control Intelligence.



After a researcher has reviewed the quality control phase the interactive presentation of results is ready to begin. The next step is to unlock the experiment. ROSALIND calculates the quantity of Analysis Units (“AU”) required to unlock the results. This is generally 1 AU per single-sample FASTQ file for small RNA-seq experiments, however, this may differ based on counts files or other experiment parameters. Account balances and quick links for acquiring more AU are directly accessible from the unlock screen. To learn more about Analysis Units, check out the Q&A in the section below, or visit the ROSALIND Store.



A typical small RNA-seq analysis provides a list of differentially expressed miRNA, generally in the form of a massive and obtuse CSV file. Unfortunately, this often results in more questions than answers for scientists. Multiple applications may also need to be used to generate this CSV file. Such applications often have a wide range of complexity with non-standard input/output formats, many of which are command-line tools requiring advanced knowledge in programming — an exercise well beyond the level of most biologists.

ROSALIND moves beyond the CSV file by providing a comprehensive dashboard for differential expression and interpretation of smallRNA-seq data. Researchers begin with a list of significant differentially expressed miRNA determined by a calculated cut-off filter. Default settings for the filter begin with a fold change of 1.5 upregulated and 1.5 downregulated with a p-Adjust of 0.05. Further adjustments to achieve a significant set of genes are performed by ROSALIND if needed. Researchers may also create an unlimited set of their own customized filters using fold changes and P-value parameters. Convenient on-screen controls are easily accessible for modifying filters, adding covariant corrections, applying gene lists and signatures, and adjusting plot color palettes. The ROSALIND smallRNA experience features deep interpretation of predicted and validated targets, diseases and drug associated, as rich interactive plots that fill the screen and respond to interactions from the scientist, showing customizable heatmaps, volcano and MA plots as well as box and bar plots.

New comparisons may be added at any time. Each of these perspectives are available within minutes of setup, reducing internal bioinformatic workload and enabling scientists to react fluidly by focusing directly on the science of the experiment.



The discovery process rarely ends with a single point of view from a single researcher’s opinion. ROSALIND Spaces enables true scientist-to-scientist collaboration through virtual data rooms where scientists and collaborators can come together on related datasets anywhere in the world to interactively explore shared experiments much like working with Google Docs. Researchers access a consistent version of the data, without the need to transfer unwieldly files or reinterpret origin files. All changes are interactive, instantly available, and viewable everywhere in the world (as authorized by the organization) with real-time activity feeds and historical reports. Spaces participants can add experiments, explore pathways, change cut-offs, add meta-analyses and add new comparisons all within the shared collaborative environment.

Spaces are virtual meeting rooms where scientists meet with niche experts, clients and supporting teams to maximize the discovery value of every experiment and prepare for the next one.



ROSALIND is designed for the Scientist, so you can focus on the biology and science without having to invest months and months trying to learn bioinformatics, programming or biostatistics


Capable of performing advanced analyses including contamination detection, covariate correction, batch correction and multi-omic analyses


Utilizing a clean, intuitive and immersive user interface, Scientists new to the platform ramp quickly with little training to focus on discovery


Explore experiment results in high-quality, publiction-ready, interactive diagrams and plots


ROSALIND is designed for the Scientist, so you can focus on the biology and science without having to invest months and months trying to learn bioinformatics, programming or biostatistics


Start new experiments by importing FASTQ files from sequencing, or counts (raw or normalized)


Built-in pipelines are tuned to utilize industry standard, widely published bioinformatics tools. For more information, review the ROSALIND specifications and method section


Every communication and data transfer on ROSALIND is encrypted and secured. Multiple layers of data protection ensure availability


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Is a subscription required to join a Space?


A subscription is not required to accept an invite and join a Space. However, all users must have a ROSALIND account to join a Space.

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Can the API be used to add experiments to a Space?


Yes, API integration enables production informatics teams to centrally process and distribute results within Spaces to each program or project team requesting an analysis. This is a best practice among pharma R&D teams. API integration also includes Single-Sign-On (SSO) support. Contact sales to learn more

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